Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities

Reduce inequality within and among countries

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Longitudinal Study on Child Development Based on Wearable Technologies
What are critical inflection points in child development and how do different sensitive periods interact?
Parents' Future-orientation and Investments in Children
How does parental investment affect children’s health and education? Do parents discount their own future consumption and that of their children differently? Is the demand for commitment devices explained by parents’ beliefs that they might be tempted to change their plans in the future?
The Growth Mindset Intervention In Brazil
A growth mindset is the belief that intellectual abilities are not fixed, but can be developed. Do students who are taught a growth mindset earn higher grades and test scores? This paper investigates why such interventions work, unbundling mindsets into its underlying mechanisms.
Building resilience through sports and play in Ethiopia
What is the impact of sports and play on the physical health, social and motional development of a child?
Are Parenting Interventions Transferable Across Settings? Assessing Key Constraints in Sub-Saharan Africa
How and for whom does SMS-support-intervention to caregivers promote improved academic outcomes for children? What domains of development and behavior are impacted? Does Eduq+ improve academic and behavioral learning outcomes?
Harmful Practices Against Girls and Teenagers in Malawi
What is the prevalence of harmful traditional practices that negatively impact adolescent girls and what are their underlying behavioral determinants?
Delivering Prevention
What are the most cost-effective platforms to deliver sustainable take-up and usage of the essential health package in Malawi?
Sex-selective abortion in Armenia
What are the social forces driving the selective abortion of females in Armenia?
Female Genital Cutting in Sudan
Research Questions: Is Female Genital Cutting (FGM) a social norm that evolved culturally within the context of a coordination game? Is there a single threshold of prevalence below which all families would abandon the practice? Can communication for development (C4D) interventions deter FGM and, if so, which is the most effective: targeting extrinsic or intrinsic motivations?

Information concerning the SGDs has been taken from the UN SDG Knowledge Platform and UN SDGs