Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

While the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment under the Millennium Development Goals (including equal access to primary education between girls and boys), women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in every part of the world.

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Unfortunately, at the current time, 1 in 5 women and girls between the ages of 15-49 have reported experiencing physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner within a 12-month period and 49 countries currently have no laws protecting women from domestic violence. Progress is occurring regarding harmful practices such as child marriage and FGM (Female Genital Mutilation), which has declined by 30% in the past decade, but there is still much work to be done to complete eliminate such practices.

Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large. Implementing new legal frameworks regarding female equality in the workplace and the eradication of harmful practices targeted at women is crucial to ending the gender-based discrimination prevalent in many countries around the world.

Building resilience through sports and play in Ethiopia
What is the impact of sports and play on the physical health, social and motional development of a child?
Harmful Practices Against Girls and Teenagers in Malawi
What is the prevalence of harmful traditional practices that negatively impact adolescent girls and what are their underlying behavioral determinants?
Sex-selective abortion in Armenia
What are the social forces driving the selective abortion of females in Armenia?
Female Genital Cutting in Sudan
Research Questions: Is Female Genital Cutting (FGM) a social norm that evolved culturally within the context of a coordination game? Is there a single threshold of prevalence below which all families would abandon the practice? Can communication for development (C4D) interventions deter FGM and, if so, which is the most effective: targeting extrinsic or intrinsic motivations?

Information concerning the SGDs has been taken from the UN SDG Knowledge Platform and UN SDGs